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CSRF Token: A complete user guide

6, July, 2023

in Guides/Reviews

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In a fast-changing digital world, security professionals and developers find themselves in the muddy waters of cyber security, characterised by malicious attacks. Among many threats, Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) is among the most defenseless. CSRF token has become helpful in preventing cybersecurity attacks.

The CSRF token plays a pivotal role in web applications by controlling the risks associated with cross-site request forgery attacks.

This article focuses on the CSRF token, its generation, benefits, purpose, and implementation to enhance protection against CSRF attacks.

What are CSRF attacks?

CSRF attacks encompass unofficial requests performed on the victim's behalf by hoodwinking them into unintentional actions on targeted websites. The attackers abuse the trust between a user's browser and a website to carry out such attacks. For example, the attacker might be interested in attacking the victim's email address, changing the password, or making a fund transfer.

Through hoodwinking, the attacker might possess the full details of the account, including passwords and access control of every application in the version attacked, and alter the functionality to fit their motives.

CSRF token was developed to address these kinds of attacks, protecting users from unsuspecting attackers.

In the attacking process, critical conditions must be met, including a cookie-based session handling where an action encompasses several HTTP requests which solely rely on timed cookies to locate the requesting operator. There are no other means to track sessions or validate operator requests.

The other condition is having a relevant action within the applications that the attackers strategically induce. This inducement can happen through modifying permissions for other users or the act of changing the operator's password.

Another condition is a situation where there are no request parameters whose value the attacker might fail to trace. An example is when the attacker must know the importance of the available password to alter it to new security parameters.

What is a CSRF token?

CSRF tokens, sometimes called anti-CSRF tokens or synchronized tokens, are a unique feature within the application forms adding additional security layers to authorize the legitimacy of requests.

The core function is to prevent unauthorized requests by verifying that they originated from the same site and within the same operator session. CSRF tokens are generated when the operator interacts with the web application associated with the running session. The token is then availed in the subsequent requests to ensure maximum authentication.

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How is the CSRF token generated?

First, CSRF tokens require unpredictability and uniqueness. Hence, it must be generated in several steps to make it unique. The most common ways of generating CSRF tokens include cryptographic hashing, random token generation, and session-based token generation.

Developers incorporate the tokens into the web APIs, AJAX requests, and application forms to ensure a successful implementation. This integration provides a CSRF token accompanying each form filled to verify the servers.

Significance of CSRF token, best practice, and limitation

The CSRF token's first benefit is preventing CSRF attacks. Including a CSRF token in every web-based form significantly reduces cases of CSRF attacks. This action happens when passwords are used as a unique identifier, making it difficult for attackers.

The availability of CSRF tokens ensures session specificity and uniqueness, which enables extended security. Even if the attacker successfully accesses some information in a particular operator session, they can only access the system during that single session, making it impossible to access subsequent sessions since it requires new access.

The token serves as a complement to the available security features because they have a defense-in-depth capacity. They contain the same site attributes and cookie flags that make them unique in providing security on website applications.

CSRF tokens are easy to implement since integration to the existing website application is simple, giving it a unique feature to be accessed by all developers.

Developers should strictly follow best practices to obtain the maximum benefits of the CSRF token, including regular token generation, proper transmission practices, and secure token storage.

It is noteworthy that while the tokens are very efficient against CSRF attacks, they, too, have limitations, including inefficiency in timing attacks, token leakage, and impact on user experience. These limitations call for careful consideration during the implementation of CSRF tokens.


CSRF tokens are essential in securing web applications from CSRF attacks. An extra layer to authenticate and verify website application processes enhances protection against such attacks. Developers and professionals in cyber security should prioritize the implementation of these tokens to provide an overall defense and improve cyber security.

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Nancy Lubale

Nancy Lubale

Nancy is a self-taught crypto, blockchain and tech news author and researcher with more than six years of experience producing news coverage in the cryptocurrency, NFT, the Metaverse, blockchain technology, investing and technology fields. Driven by her passion for technology, she has worked for top crypto companies, including Business2Community, Kraken Learn, InsideBitcoins,, Vauld Insights, Coingape, Forexcrunch, and Economywatch. Her research interests are in technical analysis of crypto assets, DeFi, NFTs, and on-chain data analysis and of late tech and AI news.

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